ERIC Number: ED171021
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Detailed Overview of the Methods Used in a Specific Autistic Class and Longitudinal Case Study of One Autistic-Like Child.
Hodgson, Jan G.
The paper presents an overview of the methods used in a class for autistic children (ages 4-11 years) and reports on a longitudinal case study of an autistic 11 year-old girl. Autistic characteristics, such as poor eye contact and insensitivity to pain, are outlined. The author explains that the program emphasized teaching basic communication skills, the internalization of behavior control, and appropriate social interaction. After an observation period, the author describes the intervention hierarchy, which ranges from "simple time-out" to "tantrum hold". The development of an individualized program and contingency management is explored. The steps in the language program are presented and the involvement of parents is stressed. Techniques for fostering social interaction are examined and an outline of the daily schedule is provided. The development, physical, mental, and social, of an 11-year-old girl, Dawn, is recounted. The author explaines that Dawn was 9 1/2 years old before she was placed correctly in a class for autistic children. Through the use of reinforcement, the author discusses the gradual establishment of rapport with the child. Correct speech is described as a primary goal and the techniques for developing good speech are examined. (PHR)
Descriptors: Autism, Behavior Change, Case Studies, Communication Skills, Contingency Management, Developmental Stages, Elementary Education, Exceptional Child Research, Individual Characteristics, Individualized Programs, Parent Participation, Reinforcement, Social Relations, Speech Communication, Teaching Methods, Total Communication
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual International Convention, The Council for Exceptional Children (57th, Dallas, Texas, April 22-27, 1979, Session T-33)