ERIC Number: ED170878
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: N/A
Education in Thailand: From Old to New. World Education Monograph Series, Number Two.
The history of educational development in Thailand shows a transition from early concern for religious and moral training toward the present emphasis on the practical development of individuals and society. Thai culture may have originated in Mongolia and has been strongly affected by its present cultural neighbors, Malaya, Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and India. Thai cultural character has been shaped by a strong monarchical tradition, the adoption of Buddhism, and a consciousness of the individual. The origins of education in Thailand were religious, encouraged by the monarchy. The 1870's saw the beginning of modern secular education, leading to the inclusion of women and the general public in the educational process. This document's historical presentation concentrates on the structure, curricular emphasis, and administrative organization of the educational system after World War II. A brief analysis of current Thai educational thought reveals continuing Buddhist influence. The document concludes with a general overview of the present educational situation in Thailand, including socioeconomic factors, and indicates problem areas requiring further change. (Author/PGD)
Descriptors: Administrative Organization, Asian History, Educational Change, Educational History, National Programs, Non Western Civilization, Program Descriptions, Religious Factors, Socioeconomic Influences
World Education Project, Box U-32, School of Education, The University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut 06268 ($1.50 plus $0.50 postage)
Publication Type: Historical Materials; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Connecticut Univ., Storrs. World Education Project.
Identifiers - Location: Thailand