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ERIC Number: ED170740
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 35
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Newspapers as Civic Participants and Observers: Dilemmas in Journalistic Objectivity/Subjectivity.
Burd, Gene
The predicament of journalism as both an objective observer and a subjective participant is examined in this paper. Among the topics discussed are some basic ethical entanglements involved in the dilemma; regional newspapers that have been legendary for personal-involvement journalism; current evidence that journalistic performance is being sacrificed in the coverage of civic projects in which management has a participant self-interest; the trend toward reporter activism that arose in the 1960s, and cases that illustrate how the new muckraking can accommodate public service ideals; speculation by press critics regarding the dilemma and possible solutions to it; the notion of the press as an adversary of the government; and questions about the goal of news and information in society. The paper also delineates two ideal types of journalistic roles--neutral and participant--and poses some ethical and intellectual questions for further study. It concludes by examining the notions of "social responsibility" and "the public interest" as applied to the press, discussing possible solutions to the dilemma, and noting the growing awareness of the dilemma on the part of working journalist. (GT)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A