ERIC Number: ED170554
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Personal Networks of Opportunity in Obtaining Jobs: Racial Differences and Effects of Segregation.
Becker, Henry Jay
Young blacks today are not obtaining jobs. One reason for this situation is the lack of opportunity available to them to learn about specific job vacancies and to be selected by a hiring employer. Recent data suggest that black youth are as likely to attempt to find work as are white youth. The discrepancy between the employment prospects of black and white youth can be found in (1) the sources of job information open to them, (2) recruitment channels used by employers, and (3) the means by which employers evaluate the worthiness of candidates. Jobs are often found and vacancies filled by the informal networks among employers, their employees and business associates, and the friends and relations of those intermediaries. To the extent that racial segregation in housing, schooling, and employment continue to prevent young blacks from having access to the information channels used to fill job vacancies and to the extent that employers continue to demand greater degrees of sponsorship for unknown black youth than for whites, the gap between the employment prospects of white and black youth will remain. (CT)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Johns Hopkins Univ., Baltimore, MD. Center for Social Organization of Schools.
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)