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ERIC Number: ED170486
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 54
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Wives' Employment Status and Marital Adjustment: Yet Another Look.
Staines, Graham L.; And Others
The effects of wives' employment status on wives' and husbands' evaluations of their own marital adjustment were examined in two recent national surveys. Working wives whose husbands also work reported having wished they had married someone else and having thought of divorce significantly more often than housewives but did not score significantly lower on ratings of marital satisfaction or marital happiness or on four other specific components of marital adjustment. Wives' employment status did not significantly affect husbands' reports of marital adjustment. The negative effects of wives' employment on wives' reports of marital adjustment were then found to be restricted specifically to mothers of preschool children and to wives with less than a high school diploma. No empirical support emerged for two major hypotheses to account for the negative effects of wives' employment on wives' marital adjustment in these two subgroups, one hypothesis concerning wives' role load and the second concerning wives' and husbands' attitudes toward wives' employment. There was some evidence, however, that these factors are moderators of the negative effects of wives' employment on wives' marital adjustment, in particular, that high role load moderates the negative effects of employment among mothers of preschool children. (References, footnotes, and statistical tables are appended.) (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
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