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ERIC Number: ED170464
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Pages: 17
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Evaluating Competence: Effects of Sex, Marital Status, and Parental Status.
Etaugh, Claire; Kasley, Helen Czachorski
A study was conducted to examine the influence of a job applicant's sex, marital status, and parental status on evaluation of competence. One hundred eighty-four female and one hundred eighty-four male college students were given a completed job application and an article written by an applicant. The job applicant was described to the subjects in the following manner: for half of the subjects of each sex the applicant was designated as being a male and for the other half, a female; half of the applicants of each sex were described as married and half as single; half of the applicants in each of the two marital status categories were identified as having one child, and the other half as having no children; and all other information (birthdate, place of residence, educational background, and employment history) was identical for all applicants. Subjects answered eight evaluative questions concerning the competence of the applicant and the merits of the article. Females were devalued by both male and female subjects, but particularly by males. Applicants of both sexes who were married and childless were evaluated more favorably than applicants who were single and had a child. (Author/JH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A