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ERIC Number: ED170356
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 16
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Efficacy of Cognitive and Noncognitive Measures in Predicting Clinical Performance of Residents.
Keck, Jonathan W.; And Others
An attempt was made to determine the increase in predictive efficiency attained by adding noncognitive to cognitive variables to predict clinical performance of medical school graduates in residency training. Fifty-six graduates, 45 males, and 11 females, in 33 reading programs representing various specialties, were evaluated by supervisory physicians. Cognitive measures included assessment of students' progress in mastering factual elements of the medical curriculum, undergraduate grade point averages, and total scores on parts II and III of the National Board of Medical Examiners (NBME). Noncognitive predictors, derived from Holland's Self Directed Search (SDS), assessed interest in and aptitude for realistic, investigative, artistic, social, enterprising, and conventional types of occupations. Other noncognitive predictors were provided by the scales for autonomy, complexity, and theoretical orientation of the Omnibus Personality Inventory (OPI), and by the scores physicians gave applicants after admission interviews. Performance predictors, composites of cognitive and noncognitive factors, consisted of ratings on characteristics such as attitude, peer relations, medical information, skills, maturity, and patient rapport. Results indicated that a combination of cognitive and noncognitive predictor variables was a better predictor of physicians' postgraduate clinical performance than any individual variable or any one specific class of variables. (MH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A