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ERIC Number: ED170320
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1974
Pages: 103
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Mirrors for Behavior III. An Anthology of Observation Instruments.
Simon, Anita, Ed.; Boyer, E. Gil, Ed.
The 99 observation systems described in this anthology describe measurable categories of behavior, rather than global concepts. These systems function as a meta-language--a language for describing communication. Each represents one or more of seven major categories: affective, cognitive, nonverbal, activity, content, sociological structure, and physical environment. Most systems use specific predetermined categories such as "teacher asks question," and "pupil gives narrow answer;" a code is assigned to each category and coded sequences are summarized in a form useful for decision making, by a technology known as interaction process analysis. Instruments vary according to number and type of subjects observed, setting, category dimensions, and uses reported by author. A typical instrument is designed for group observation of teacher and pupils in classroom settings; it describes affective and cognitive categories, and has been used by researchers to describe actual teaching in existing classrooms and then to reformulate models of effective teaching. Instruments have also been used for teacher training and supervision, as substitutes for tests, as content for new curriculum, or to specify conditions of learning. Other settings include counseling situations, prisons, hospitals, and industry. (The major portion of this document--which has been removed--contains the instruments, abstracts, and a 1000-item bibliography.) (CP)
Communication Materials Center, 110 Rices Mill Road, Wyncote, Pennsylvania 19095 (Library of Congress Catalog Card Number 67-31735, $19.95)
Publication Type: Collected Works - General; Tests/Questionnaires
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: Communication Materials Center, Wyncote, PA.; Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.
Note: For previous editions, see ED 025 034, ED 029 833, ED 031 613, and ED 042 937; Some small type may be marginally legible; Multiple copyright restrictions permit reproduction of pages 1-84 only