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ERIC Number: ED170270
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Expectancy Differences Between Males and Females in the Performance of Preselected and Constrained Movements.
Gerson, Richard F.
Performance differences and differences in expectancies of success between men and women were examined relative to the replication of preselected and constrained movements. No performance differences were found between the sexes, but preselected movements were reproduced more accurately than constrained movements. Persons who made preselected movements also expected to replicate those movements better than their constrained counterparts while males evidenced higher expectancies than females with respect to the replication movement. However, no differences were found in ratings of future expectancies after the subjects were informed that the reproduction accuracy of the initial performances was similar. The results were discussed in terms of a cognitive interpretation of the preselection effect, and the cultural stereotype of women in achievement settings, as well as how the acknowledgement of a good female performance can lead women to elevate their future expectancies of success. (Author)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A