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ERIC Number: ED170162
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Feb
Pages: 23
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Alternate Perspectives on Concept Internalization: Learning Top Down Vs. Learning Bottom Up.
Pines, A. Leon
This paper outlines two alternate ways in which concepts are acquired, known as "top down" and "bottom up". "Bottom up" refers to learning the members of a category and then extracting their similarities or differences, the rule or criterial attributes used to make the categorization. In the "top down" approach the essence, or criterial attributes, are pointed out and thus the category elements can be recognized or generated. The paper also discusses the importance of concept learning in schools and the nature of concepts. This investigation was carried out within the framework of the Audio-Tutorial Elementary Science Project at Cornell University. Children were provided with 24 audio-tutorial lessons which dealt with the concepts of energy, life, and molecules. Prior to and subsequent to each block of eight lessons, the children were interviewed to ascertain existing relevant cognitive structure. Two instruments were used: (1) the Modified Piagetian Clinical Interview; and (2) the Conceptual Propositional Analysis. (BB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A