ERIC Number: ED170104
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977
Reference Count: 0
Assessment of Needs and Coping Mechanisms of Elderly Mexican Americans.
Tijerina, Andres A.
In March of 1977 a survey was conducted in Austin, Texas to determine the effectiveness of the Texas Department of Human Resources (DHR) service delivery and to obtain data on the social and cultural characteristics of urban Mexican American elderly. Interviews with 163 Supplementary Security Income recipients who were 65 years or older utilized questions in six categories: demographic information, transportation and communication, bilingualism, extended family, health, and interface with public service agencies. The study showed that isolation was one of the major problems facing the elderly, with transportation especially difficult. Eighty percent of the respondents lived with spouses or alone; 29% lived with their families. There was a definite pattern of stability regarding residence. Forty-one percent had immediate relatives in their neighborhood. Almost half of the respondents suffered from high blood pressure, arthritis or rheumatism. There was a high level of awareness of such services as food stamps, Social Security, Medicaid and Medicare. Some 63% of the old people believed that governmental agencies swamp information on clients. This may indicate some people might be reluctant to request services because of that fear. The subjects receiving DHR assistance indicated satisfaction with treatment they received, although nearly half would have liked different caseworkers. (DS)
Descriptors: Bilingualism, Caseworker Approach, Communication Problems, Coping, Delivery Systems, Demography, Family Life, Family (Sociological Unit), Health Needs, Health Personnel, Human Services, Interviews, Mexican Americans, Needs Assessment, Older Adults, Physical Health, Surveys, Transportation, Urban Population, Use Studies
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Texas State Dept. of Human Resources, Austin.; Houston Univ., TX. Graduate School of Social Work.
Authoring Institution: N/A