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ERIC Number: ED170066
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 20
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
Changing Sex Roles.
Worell, Judith
This article reviews literature on sex role change in children and points to areas which need further research. Competing ideologies which support or reject sex typing of role behaviors are briefly discussed in the introduction. The sources of sex role change are divided into two categories: (1) planned direct intervention programs and (2) natural or cultural change, i.e., the economic, political, and social movements which predispose individuals to modify their lifestyle activities and value systems. Three natural or cultural sources of change in roles are discussed. First, the effects of the Women's Liberation Movement on the resocialization both of the self and of the other are noted; these effects include an increase in assertiveness, changes in perceptions of the desirability of sex-role personality traits, entry into previously male-dominated professions and changes in the presentation of sex roles by various media. Second, literature is cited which suggests that changes in family composition (size of family, distribution of responsibilities, number of parents in home) affect the sex role attitudes of children. Third, although little is said to be known of the effects of Title IX, evidence from direct intervention research is employed to indicate some of its likely effects. Five areas are noted in which further research is needed; discrimination among components of sex roles; connections between attitudes and behavior and the influence of ideology on research and intervention; techniques for measuring children's sex role knowledge, attributions, preferences and behavior; and the aptitude-treatment-interaction effects related to sex role stereotyping. (Author/BH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Education Amendments 1972; Title IX Education Amendments 1972