ERIC Number: ED170063
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Structural and Thematic Variations on Fourth Graders' Types of Recall.
Drum, Priscilla A.
This article reports a study in which fourth graders were tested on their recall of stories they had read. Thrity-two children, divided into two groups of 16 by reading ability, each read two passages and were scored for recall. The passages read were either the original versions of two stories, semantic rewrites (in which anaphoric elements, e.g., "he" were removed), syntactic rewrites (in which explicit relational elements, e.g., "because" were removed) or combined semantic and syntactic rewrites. Four kinds of recall were distinguished: (1) text reproduced recall (repetition of text propositions), (2) text entailed recall (related information, summary statements and direct inferences), (3) text evoked recall (thematically related but tangential responses) and (4) external recall (responses related only to the situation and act of retelling). The results indicated that: (1) more able readers are more likely than poorer readers to remember what the text stated as pieces of information; (2) the rewrites did not have a significant effect on text reproduced recall; (3) semantic rewrites improved entailed recall; (4) the nodal slots (characters, conflicts and resolutions) were the best recalled parts of the stories in both ability groups. Related literature is discussed. (Appendices provide the stories and rewrites, and tables and figures report the results.) (Author/BH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12, 1979)