ERIC Number: ED170044
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of Training in the Use of an Organizing Strategy with Young Inner-City Children.
Schuman, Davida R.; Relihan, Juliette L.
This study investigates the training of inner-city first and second graders in Piagetian classification skills. Twenty boys and 20 girls were pretested for necessary baseline knowledge and were randomly assigned to experimental and control groups. Both groups were given training programs intended to assist the children in developing classification skills which lead to mastery of class inclusion. The experimental condition was directed toward helping the child recode the task elements at superordinate and subordinate class levels. The control group was not helped to recall class hierarchies. Each child was trained individually on six specific classification skills (resemblance, consistent and exhaustive sorting, horizontal resorting, dual class membership and class inclusion) in 20-minute sessions on 4 consecutive days, posttested on the fifth, and given the pretest 4 to 6 weeks later as a test of retention. While both experimental and control group members improved in classification ability, experimental group members in both the first and second grades improved much more than did controls. Further, many more experimental group members maintained their higher level of performance after 4 to 6 weeks. It is concluded that teachers should analyze the tasks they require of young children and provide their students with strategies which organize the features of tasks to be performed. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A