ERIC Number: ED169496
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Sexist vs. Non-Sexist Reading Materials on Children's Preferences, Sex Role Attitudes, and Comprehension.
Scott, Kathryn P.
Recent research investigating the effects of sexism in elementary school textbooks on readers is reviewed to determine children's responses in terms of reading preferences, sex-role attitudes and behaviors, and comprehension abilities. The degree of sexism in textbooks was determined by the proportion of female main characters, the presentation of men and women in diverse familial, personality, and work roles, and the use of neutral or sex-specific terminology or masculine generic terminology. Research results indicated the following: students' interest in reading material does not seem to be decreased and may be enhanced by using more interesting stories about females; children exposed to nonsexist material have more flexible attitudes about role behavior that may be appropriate for both sexes, and actually may engage in those behaviors more frequently; and students' comprehension of reading material is increased with the use of sex-neutral or sex-specific terminology. Further research is suggested to determine the impact of male nontraditional role models on boys' and girls' reading interests and their sex-role attitudes, and to determine which factors contribute to increased comprehension of reading material with nontraditional main characters. (DF)
Descriptors: Elementary Education, Language Attitudes, Language Usage, Literature Reviews, Reading Comprehension, Reading Interests, Reading Material Selection, Reading Materials, Reading Research, Sex Bias, Sex Fairness, Sex Role, Sex Stereotypes, Student Attitudes, Textbook Bias, Textbook Content, Textbook Evaluation
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative; Speeches/Meeting Papers; Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (28th, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, November 30-December 2, 1978)