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ERIC Number: ED169489
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Feb
Reference Count: 0
On the Psychological Reality of Text Types. Technical Report No. 91, July 1, 1978 through February 28, 1979.
Munro, Allen; And Others
Two experiments were conducted to establish the psychological validity of the text type distinction. In the first, 20 college students sorted 12 texts on the basis of their similarities. The resultant sortings were subjected to a clustering analysis. Despite the fact that other bases for grouping texts existed--a number of pairs of semantically related texts of different types were included--text type emerged as a powerful determiner of group membership. In the second experiment, 13 students listened to recorded texts and then tried to recall them. As was predicted, text type had a significant effect on recall, with stories being recalled more fully than were instructions or definitions. (Three sample texts used in the experiments, together with their text structures and semantic representations, are contained in an appendix.) (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Advanced Research Projects Agency (DOD), Washington, DC.; Office of Naval Research, Arlington, VA. Personnel and Training Research Programs Office.
Authoring Institution: University of Southern California, Los Angeles. Behavioral Technology Labs.
Note: Appendix may not reproduce well due to small type