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ERIC Number: ED169241
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Women and ROTC Summer Camp, 1975. Technical Paper 293.
Mohr, E. S.; And Others
In 1975 the first women ROTC cadets attended advanced camp at Fort Bragg, N.C. During the six-week summer camp, 392 male and 83 female cadets (about to enter their senior year in college) were rated on leadership by their platoon NCO and on leadership and personal characteristics by their platoon officer evaluator. Cadets were also rated by their peers and scores on physical tests were compared. The results were analyzed to investigate possible sex bias. The platoon officer evaluators rated female cadets lower than male cadets on leadership performance. Ratings by NCO evaluators did not differ for male and female cadets. While female cadets scored lower than men on the most physically demanding exercises, they scored as well or better on exercises emphasizing cognitive and motivational abilities. Also, females systematically were rated lower by both male and female peers on a leader preference dimension. The findings identified a number of factors which limited the usefulness of summer camp ratings on ROTC cadets in 1975. First, sex differences in training programs may well have increased rather than eliminated initial differences in competence. Second, peer rating instructions may have operated to the disadvantage of females. Since 1975, sex differences in summer camp training have been removed essentially and peer rating instructions modified to provide a more accurate assessment of female performance. (Author/LMS)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Army Training and Doctrine Command, Fort Monroe, VA.
Authoring Institution: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.
Identifiers - Location: United States