ERIC Number: ED169212
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Jul-7
Reference Count: N/A
Job Training Programs Need More Effective Management. Report to the Congress by the Comptroller General of the United States.
Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.
An evaluation was made of the classroom and on-the-job training programs administered locally under Title I of the Comprehensive Employment and Training Act (CETA) in six states (California, Massachusetts, Illinois, Minnesota, Nevada, and Wisconsin). Based on samples of over 3,000 trainees during fiscal year 1976, it was found that job placement and retention (approximately one-third kept their jobs after six months) were low, while the cost per placement was high, ranging from $1,500 to $15,100. While factors such as the participants' capabilities and motivation affected the success of the training programs, it appeared that the programs needed substantial improvement. The following shortcomings were found to exist: (1) program sponsors did not adequately assess applicants before career planning; (2) counseling services were not provided; (3) dropouts occurred because of lack of motivation or transportation; (4) training was offered for occupations that had low demand in the job market; (5) trainees did not attain skill levels required for employment; and (6) participants were placed in jobs that were not related to their training, were seasonal, had a high turnover, or paid little more than minimum wage. It was also recommended that program management be improved, that performance standards be developed, that more comprehensive and accurate management information systems be devised, and that more adequate monitoring and evaluation be conducted. (ELG)
Descriptors: Administration, Administrative Problems, Career Guidance, Dropout Rate, Employment Opportunities, Employment Programs, Evaluation Needs, Failure, Federal Programs, Information Needs, Job Placement, Job Skills, Job Training, Management Information Systems, Needs Assessment, Program Administration, Program Costs, Program Effectiveness, Program Evaluation, Program Improvement, Success, Vocational Education
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Comptroller General of the U.S., Washington, DC.
Identifiers - Laws, Policies, & Programs: Comprehensive Employment and Training Act