ERIC Number: ED169173
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Feb
Reference Count: N/A
State and Local Responsibility for Promoting Learning Environments of Equity and Equality: A Conceptual Analysis.
Willie, Charles V.
This paper presents a conceptual analysis of the different responsibilities that State and local levels should assume in promoting the purposes of education. It is their responsibility to provide learning environments that promote equity and equality. The problem for State and local authorities with reference to desegregated education is that of both promoting and controlling conflict as a creative process that enhances learning opportunities. Two questions serve as guidelines for the analysis of the purpose of desegregated education: What is the optimum balance between homogeneity and heterogeneity of decision making units? And what is the appropriate distribution of such units at varying levels of governance? It is concluded that decisions about equality--the statements of principle--are best made at the state level, remote from the location of implementation where considerations of self interest tend to create an emotionally charged atmosphere. However, decisions about educational practice should be made at the local level, for such decisions are decisions about equity. When the state and the locality have divided responsibilities pertaining to principle and practice in desegregated education, they serve as a system of checks and balances. (Author/WI)
Descriptors: Decision Making, Educational Planning, Educational Policy, Educational Practices, Educational Principles, Educational Quality, Elementary Secondary Education, Equal Education, Government Role, Local Government, School Desegregation, State Government
Not available separately; See UD 019 265
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Education Commission of the States, Denver, CO.
Note: For related documents, see UD 019 265-269