ERIC Number: ED169100
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Basic Vocational Interest Scales: The Problem of Sex Restrictiveness and Alternatives.
Prediger, Dale J.
Sex restrictiveness and sex bias in occupational interest scales are reviewed, and some alternative solutions are briefly discussed. Traditionally, it was thought that sex restrictive interest inventories merely reflected the inherent differences between males and females. The author defines sex restrictiveness according to the degree that the distribution of career options suggested to males and females is disproportionate. Conversely, an inventory is not sex restrictive if each career option is suggested to similar proportions of males and females. The sex restrictive test is not necessarily biased, however, since it may have to be restrictive in order to be valid. Different definitions of validity may affect this judgment. A sex restrictive test may still be defined as sex fair if its publisher has demonstrated that its restrictiveness is necessary for its validity. A brief review of various studies about the interest of college bound and college students indicates that vocational interest inventories do not have to be sex restrictive in order to be valid. Study of the unisex edition of the American College Test interest scale (UNIACT) indicates that sex balanced reporting procedures, suggesting similar interest patterns for males and females, have promising validity. Further research is recommended. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Pscyhological Association (86th, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 27-September 1, 1978)