ERIC Number: ED169095
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Sep
Reference Count: N/A
The Utility of the Racial Attitudes and Perceptions Survey (RAPS) for Assessing Impact of Race Relations Training Programs in the Military. Final Report. (Mar 73-Mar 74). Technical Paper 339.
Hiett, Robert L.; And Others
The Racial Attitudes and Perceptions Survey (RAPS) consists of four scales: perceived discrimination against blacks; attitude toward racial interaction; feelings of reverse racism; and racial climate. This instrument was administered to approximately 10,000 military personnel in a variety of research designs to determine the impact of race relations training programs on attitudes and perceptions. This training included 18-hour unit training programs, 4-hour courses in formal schools, and 2- to 4-week race relations discussion leader courses. Training impact, in general, was found to be very small as measured by change on RAPS scale scores. Where changes occurred, they tended to be in the following directions: higher scores, for perceived discrimination against blacks and attitude toward racial interaction, and lower scores for feelings of reverse racism. No conclusions were made regarding perception of racial climate. Trained subjects scored higher on content-type questions than did untrained subjects, and training was generally considered valuable. Course instructors appeared to have diverse instructional goals. A significant testing effect was noted when untrained control group subjects were administered the test twice; scores declined on the post test. The RAPS was found to be useful in evaluating race relations programs, but should be used along with other evaluation methods. (Author/CP)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Attitude Measures, Black Attitudes, Blacks, Educational Programs, Military Personnel, Military Training, Postsecondary Education, Program Evaluation, Racial Attitudes, Racial Discrimination, Racial Relations, Research Reports, Reverse Discrimination, Test Wiseness, Whites
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Army Research Inst. for the Behavioral and Social Sciences, Alexandria, VA.