ERIC Number: ED169094
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Mar
The Relationship of Density to School Achievement Within the Context of Neighborhood Type.
Meyer, Jeanie Keeny; Levine, Daniel U.
The relationship between neighborhood characteristics and achievement level was investigated in six metropolitan schools, after accounting for neighborhood type. Neighborhoods were classified into four types: middle socioeconomic status white, low status white, middle status black, and low status black. Additional neighborhood characteristics--density and housing conditions--were also studied to determine their relationship to school achievement, and whether or not such relationships vary in different types of neighborhoods. Reading achievement data were gathered on fifth or sixth graders in six large urban school districts which had been classified according to density of housing; the schools were classified according to neighborhood type. Valid data were not available for middle status black neighborhoods. Four major conclusions were made regarding the correlation between neighborhood and school achievement. (1) High density was related to low achievement in low status neighborhoods. (2) High density was not associated with low achievement in middle status neighborhoods. (3) Housing value of owner-occupied housing was generally related to achievement. (4) Percent of vacant housing units was related to low achievement in four of the six districts. (Author/GDC)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (62nd, Toronto, Ontario, Canada, March 27-31, 1978)