ERIC Number: ED168942
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: 0
Validating a Modified Gagnean Concept-Acquisition Model: The Results of an Experimental Study Using Art-Related Content.
Stahl, Robert J.
This paper describes a study to determine whether students can, with appropriate instructional materials, develop and apply a knowledge of art concepts. An opening section reviews research on concept acquisition. This study utilized a concept acquisition model developed in 1970 by R. Gagne. Gagne's model proposed that concepts are learned through a hierarchy of processes including verbal information and problem solving. For the study, curriculum materials were developed based on art concepts of drawing, form, space, composition, line, and proportion. Subjects were 70 seventh and eighth graders from two schools in Mississippi. The students were divided into four classes: the two control classes received normal art instruction and the two experimental classes received instruction supplemented with occasional classwork and discussion based on the specially-developed curriculum materials. A posttest for all four classes required students to write critiques of a drawing and a painting. The critiques were analyzed for correct use of concept terms, number of value terms ("good,""bad"), and length. Results indicated that students in both experimental groups used concept terms more frequently and more correctly, and they wrote longer critiques. (AV)
Descriptors: Abstract Reasoning, Academic Ability, Art Appreciation, Art Education, Comparative Analysis, Concept Formation, Concept Teaching, Data Analysis, Elementary Secondary Education, Fundamental Concepts, Grade 7, Grade 8, Junior High School Students, Learning Processes, Models, Research Methodology, Social Science Research, Speeches, Statistical Analysis, Student Characteristics, Tables (Data)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April, 1979)