ERIC Number: ED168911
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: N/A
Reference Count: 0
A Position Paper--Citizen Education: A Working Definition.
Hill, Russell A.
A definition of Citizenship (CE) should include: (1) a general statement which focuses on the CE domain, (2) a statement of underlying principles, (3) a list of included content areas, (4) specification of learner outcomes, (5) a list of instructional modes, and (6) a description of the kinds of institutions included in the CE movement. Citizenship Education is "an educational effort which seeks to teach all citizens the knowledge, skills, and behaviors which will dispose and enable them to participate effectively in a democratic society in a manner which contributes to the common welfare and is personally satisfying." CE related programs or disciplines include community, economic, energy, environmental, law-related, values, and multicultural education; interpersonal skills; the social sciences; and political-participation training. Learner outcomes are formulated according to knowledge, skills, and attitudes gained. Knowledge of institutions and of major issues past and present is necessary. Inquiry, interpersonal, and action skills as well as attitudes of commitment and respect should be developed. Modes of instruction extend beyond the traditional to parental and community involvement and use of the media. CE programs will be more successful if they consider the institutional climate and interpersonal relationships, and if they involve institutions such as government, business, labor, religious organizations, and youth service groups. (KC)
Descriptors: Behavioral Objectives, Citizen Participation, Citizen Role, Citizenship, Citizenship Responsibility, Curriculum, Definitions, Democratic Values, Educational Objectives, Educational Principles, Educational Responsibility, Elementary Secondary Education, Experiential Learning, Institutional Role, Skill Development, Social Studies, Student Attitudes
Publication Type: Opinion Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Research for Better Schools, Inc., Philadelphia, PA.