ERIC Number: ED168883
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Reference Count: 0
An Analysis of Federal R&D Funding by Function, Fiscal Years 1969-1979. Survey of Science Resources Series.
National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
Federal funds continue to underwrite about 50 of the national research and development (R&D) enterprise, and the nature of this support continues to be of special interest to policymakers. This report provides data on trends within functional areas and noteworthy shifts among areas. It is based on an annual National Science Foundation survey. Federal R&D priorities, identified in order of financial expenditures are: (1) national defense; (2) space; (3) health; (4) energy; (5) environment; (6) science and technology base; (7) transportation and communication; (8) natural resources; (9) agriculture; (10) social services; (11) education; (12) housing; (13) economics; (14) international cooperation; and (15) crime prevention. The 1979 federal budget presented in January 1978 reflected greater austerity in regard to R&D programs than did the three previous ones in which overall R&D growth exceeded inflation each year. R&D programs emphasized were those that met direct federal needs, general social and economic needs, or the need to accelerate private R&D efforts because of overriding national interest. (BB)
Descriptors: Annual Reports, Budgets, Cost Indexes, Energy, Environment, Expenditures, Federal Aid, Federal Programs, Government Role, National Defense, Research, Scientific Enterprise, Social Problems, Space Sciences
Superintendent of Documents, U.S. Government Printing Office, Washington, D.C. 20402 (Stock Number 038-000-00402-6; $2.50)
Publication Type: Reports - Descriptive; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: National Science Foundation, Washington, DC. Div. of Science Resources Studies.
Note: Not available in hard copy due to marginal legibility of original document