ERIC Number: ED168765
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: N/A
North of 60--The Inuit: An Introduction to the Eskimos of Canada.
Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa (Ontario).
In just 30 years the approximately 25,000 Canadian Inuit moved from traditional hunting and trapping to a multifacted, multimillion dollar economy based on tourism, arts and crafts, and renewable resource development. The rapidly changing Inuit world brought positive changes such as compulsory, better-quality education and improved health, as well as negative changes such as alcoholism and increased crime. Concentrated in the northern circumpolar regions of Quebec, Newfoundland, and the Northwest Territories, the Inuit were totally dependent on hunting for survival until the mid-18th century appearance of whalers and traders. The establishment of many trading posts between 1906 and 1936 drastically changed Inuit life as trapping became as important as hunting, and settlements grew up rapidly around the posts. After 1953 federal representatives moved north and improved education, aided the organization of effective local government, and began federal housing. Most provincial government activity in the area began after 1960. Native associations, resulting from a desire for self-government, became concerned with land claims (significant because the Inuit had never relinquished any land), and preservation of lifestyles and art forms. In particular, the Inuit Cultural Institute was developed to maintain and encourage interest and growth in Inuit culture. (SB)
Descriptors: American History, Canada Natives, Cooperatives, Cultural Background, Cultural Enrichment, Culture, Economic Development, Education, Eskimo Aleut Languages, Eskimos, Ethnic Origins, Federal Government, Government Role, Land Use, Local Government, Preservation, Social Change, Social Development, Tribes
Publication Type: Historical Materials
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development, Ottawa (Ontario).
Identifiers - Location: Canada