ERIC Number: ED168739
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
The Self-Image of Rural Adolescent Girls.
Petersen, Anne C.; And Others
The 1978 study, which was the first to use the Offer Self-Image Questionnaire (OSIQ) with rural youth, compared the self-image of rural and urban adolescent girls and sustained the hypothesis that adolescents in larger communities think more highly of themselves than adolescents in rural communities. Most previous studies, ambiguous with regard to the effect of race and socio-economic status on self-image, found age and sex to be significant factors. The OSIQ was administered to 127 randomly selected high school seniors of both sexes in a white, middle class, midwestern rural community in an economically depressed area. The 3-way analysis of results revealed that adolescent girls had a significantly poorer self-image than boys; younger girls had a poorer self-image than older girls; adolescent rural girls of all ages had a poorer self-image than their urban and suburban counterparts; and rural adolescents in general thought more poorly of themselves than urban adolescents. The striking generality of the results across scales is possibly explained by socio-economic environment and family role. Rural family atmosphere, often devoid of hope, accomplishment, and pride, could easily cause low self-esteem. The findings apparently imply similarities between rural and inner city youth. (SB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Michael Reese Hospital and Medical Center, Chicago, IL.
Authoring Institution: N/A