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ERIC Number: ED168722
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Pages: 56
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Children's Behavior in Pre-School Settings: A Review of Research Concerning the Influence of the Physical Environment.
Phyfe-Perkins, Elizabeth
This review provides an overview of research relating the physical environment of the early childhood educational setting to children's behavior. Findings on space in relation to fixed and semi-fixed features (partitions, playground equipment, furnishings); spatial density; the arrangement of equipment and the division of space; the amount, variety, type and display of materials; holding power, children's attention span and social value of materials; the variety and complexity of materials in relation to an overall index of space quality; ecological studies of materials and other classroom variables; and the effect of activity settings are pointed out. Implications for practice are indicated. Main findings on the effects of materials provided to children in early childhood settings are summarized. The following principles have been extracted from the review: (1) space must be analyzed in terms of whether it provides for a full range of children's behavior; (2) systematic observation of children at play in the educational setting is crucial to an analysis of the environment; (3) there can be no one set of prescriptions for the optimal arrangement of space in early childhood settings; (4) in addition to space and materials, teacher behavior and program format constitute major variables in the early educational setting; (5) in preschool design, interrelationships among activity settings should be considered; and (6) planning to enhance child-environment involves a study of the ecology of the preschool. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the American Educational Research Association (San Francisco, California, April 8-12. 1979)