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ERIC Number: ED168714
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Apr
Reference Count: N/A
Home Environment and Learning: A Quantitative Synthesis.
Iverson, Barbara K.; Walberg, Herbert J.
The purpose of this analysis is to provide an estimate of the mean correlation of home environment measures with learning measures across studies and to indicate sample and study characteristics associated with different magnitudes of correlation. University of Chicago studies of behavioral processes and British investigations of parental experiences and attitudes and material conditions in the home were analyzed to determine if the studies differ in predictive validity. From a systematic search of educational, psychological, and sociological literature, 18 studies of 5,831 first through twelfth grade students in eight countries over a 19-year period were selected. Eight items of information were recorded for each correlation: the size, age, sex, and socioeconomic status of the sample; the home assessment and learning measures employed; Chicago or British research school; and type of correlation. It was found that correlations of intelligence, motivation, and achievement with indexes of parent stimulation of the student in the home are considerably higher than those with indexes of socioeconomic status (SES). Specifically, the median of 92 simple correlations of home environment and learning is .37 (with a range of .02 to .82) and the median of 62 multiple-regression-weighted composites is .44 (range .23 to .81). Jackknifed regression estimates indicate that the gender and SES of the sample condition the sizes of the correlations and suggest priorities for future primary investigations. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.; National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Illinois Univ., Chicago. Chicago Circle Campus.