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ERIC Number: ED168697
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Mar
Reference Count: 0
Memory and Memory Verification Capability of Young Children.
Johnson, James E.
The purpose of this study was to ascertain (1) whether young children are able to recognize a need to check response accuracy and memory verification and (2) what strategies they use. A model of the nursery room was used to assess 37 preschoolers' recognition, recall, and spatial memory for school objects. Children were asked to verify their memories in order to determine verification strategies, and, following an opportunity to re-examine the criterion, memory was reassessed and performance compared to initial memory relative to these strategies. The results indicated that few children at first knew an objective way to verify but that after prompting most seemed aware of its utility. Although memory and verification scores were generally unrelated, spatial memory after verification was positively and significantly correlated with measures of verification. The memory verification paradigm introduced appears useful for studying purposeful behavior in young children. (Author/MP)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: An earlier version of this paper was presented at the Biennial Meeting of the Society for Research in Child Development (New Orleans, Louisiana, March 17-20, 1977)