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ERIC Number: ED168694
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Children's Generation and Communication of Organizational Strategies.
Best, Deborah L.; Ornstein, Peter A.
The present study was designed to determine whether previous experience with categorically related items would facilitate third and sixth grade children's recall of subsequent unrelated materials. Subjects were 24 children at each grade level. An additional aim was to see if such experience with taxonomic material would influence both the manner in which these subjects instructed first graders as well as the recall of these younger children. Some third and sixth graders were given alternating sort/recall trials with two sets of categorical items; other subjects received unrelated items. Following these trials, all children were given two sort/recall trials with unrelated materials. Each child then instructed a first grader concerning the memory task and the strategy he used. Examination of the third and sixth graders' data indicated that experience with taxonomic materials improved third graders' recall, facilitated their use of organization, and enhanced their strategy communication in teaching the first grader. For the sixth graders, the experience did not affect their recall, but did increase the probability of their giving strategy information to the first grader. Exposure to categorical materials may occur in the classroom and may contribute to the acquisition of organizational strategies in the child's natural environment. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A