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ERIC Number: ED168689
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 25
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: N/A
The Effect of Labeling on the Memory of Children and Adults of Pictorial Paired-Associates.
Ackerman, Brian P.
This study investigates the role of labeling in developmental increases in picture recall. In two experiments, the memory for pictorial paired-associates of first graders or second graders, fourth graders and adults was evaluated by means of a study-test cued recall procedure. In Experiment 1, the stimulus presentation duration (on-time) and the interstimulus interval (off-time) were varied to allow or preclude the spontaneous use of labeling. In Experiment 2, half the subjects in each grade received labeling instructions, and recall was cued by means of either a picture or a picture label. In both experiments, the elements of the paired-associates were related either acoustically, conceptually, or not at all (neutral). This was done in order to determine the locus of the labeling effect and to enable the detection of labeling activity. The results showed that labeling instructions facilitated the recall of only the younger children, but that there were developmental differences in recall that could not be attributed to labeling differences. In addition, increases in the use of labeling were accompanied by increases in recall for the conceptually related pairs, suggesting that an important effect of labeling is to aid the processing of the conceptual information in pictures. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A