ERIC Number: ED168686
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Informing Mothers About the Behavioral Characteristics of Their Infants: Effects on Mother-Infant Interaction.
This paper presents a study designed to determine if providing information to primiparous mothers about the behavioral characteristics of their infants would affect reciprocity in mother-infant interaction. Thirty married, Caucasian, middle class mothers of healthy, normally carried and delivered 48-hour-old first-born infants served as subjects. Mothers were randomly assigned to one of three treatment groups: (1) observation of infant behavior assessment and feedback on infant's responses, (2) feedback, but no observation, and (3) instruction on selection and purchase of infant furnishings, and no observation or feedback (as a control). Pre-treatment assessment of mother's reciprocity indicated no differences among the groups. Post-treatment assessment was conducted seven to 10 days following treatment. Analysis of variance across three treatment groups and two times of observation indicated that mother-infant interaction in all groups increased significantly over time. A treatment by time interaction effect was obtained on maternal and infant behavior assessment subscale scores. Results of additional analyses suggest that information alone (Group 2) or information plus demonstration (Group 1) are effective means of increasing infant behavior subscale scores. Data also suggest that information plus demonstration is more effective than information alone in increasing mother-child reciprocity scores. Informing mothers about the behavioral characteristics of their first-born infants is an effective way of enhancing mother-child interaction. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A