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ERIC Number: ED168673
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Nov
Pages: 6
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Sexual Characteristics of Preadolescent Children's Voices.
Bennett, Suzanne; Weinberg, Bernd
This paper reports an investigation of gender-indicating acoustic properties of the vocalizations of 73 six- and seven-year-old speakers. Tape recorded samples of these children's isolated vowel and sentence productions were presented in four listening sessions. One hundred and sixteen young adult (age 17-24) female listeners made gender judgments based on four utterance types: phonated and whispered/ae/vowels, and a normally-spoken and a monotonously-spoken nine-syllable sentence. Data were analyzed by means of a three-variable (utterance type, speaker sex, and listener trial) partially-repeated-measures analysis of variance. Among the findings, analysis indicated significant main effects for utterance type and speaker sex, and a significant interaction between these two variables. The presence of monotonicity increased the likelihood that a child would be assigned to the male category, but high listener accuracy in both sentence conditions suggests that intonation patterns did not provide primary cues to sexual identity. (Author/RH)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the American Speech and Hearing Association Convention (Chicago, Illinois, November, 1977); Paper is based on a doctoral dissertation completed by Suzanne Bennett, Purdue University, 1977