ERIC Number: ED168570
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Dec
Reference Count: N/A
Planning as a Process of Synthesis. Technical Report.
Atwood, Michael E.; And Others
The theoretical framework for investigating human planning behavior and the procedures, results, and implications of two experiments involving planning in the domain of software design are presented in this report. A plan is defined as a hierarchical structure that underlies the solution to a problem; planning is the process of constructing this structure. This framework makes various assumptions about the nature of a plan and the construction of the planning structure. Experiment one involved the collection of long, thinking-out-loud protocols from three highly experienced computer scientists. Experiment two involved ten undergraduate college students enrolled in an "assembly language" course who were instructed to solve a design problem similar to the one given to the experts in either a written-solutions condition or a written-and-think-aloud condition. Examination of the experimental behaviors indicate that completed plans can be characterized in a variety of ways. Expert subjects differ from less experienced subjects in the knowledge structures that can be retrieved from long-term memory and incorporated into a plan. (Author/CWM)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Office of Naval Research, Washington, DC. Personnel and Training Branch.
Authoring Institution: Science Applications, Englewood, CO.