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ERIC Number: ED168441
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Mar
Pages: 26
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Connotative Meaning of College Grades.
Eiszler, Charles F.; Stancato, Frank
A semantic differential technique was used to determine the connotative meaning of specific grades to college students. The 161 upper division undergraduates rated each of three specific grades on 20 semantic differential items. Two descriptive questions were answered: (1) What are the basic dimensions of the connotative meanings of grades? (2) How does the continuum of connotative meanings (as measured by "semantic distances" between adjacent grades) compare to the quantitative continuum that grades are assumed to represent? Factor analysis identified four factors: evaluation, realism, complexity, and salience. Comparison of the continuum of connotative meaning and the quantitative continuum revealed discontinuities. Findings are discussed in relation to the general theoretical assumption that grades have meaning to the extent that they initiate in the student an internal process which mediates the intended value judgment of the teacher regarding the performance of the student as a learner. (Author/SW)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A