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ERIC Number: ED168358
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 34
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Nature of Cognitive Style and Its Importance to the Foreign Language Teacher.
Abraham, Roberta
A brief review of the history of cognitive style research and a summary of definitions and terminology used by investigators in the area are presented. Most of the research on cognitive style has been motivated by work from three major groups: Witkin and associates; Holzman, Gardner, and associates; and Kagan and associates. Various definitions of cognitive style have been reworked from the ideas of these three groups, and there are a number of terms which are used more or less synonymously with the term "cognitive style": "learning style,""conceptual style,""cognitive strategy,""learning strategy,""mode of information processing," and "cognitive control principle." Some authors distinguish among some of these terms. Cognitive styles are traits of an individual distinct from intelligence and other abilities. Differences between cognitive styles and abilities mentioned by Messick (1976b) are presented. Some of the dimensions of cognitive styles that have been proposed are presented in three models: the Messick model, the McKenney model, and the Hill model. The following topics are also addressed: origins of cognitive style, modification of cognitive style, modification of learning environment, and cognitive style and research in foreign language learning. (SW)
Publication Type: Information Analyses
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A