ERIC Number: ED168345
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1979-Jan
Language Diversity in Chicano Speech Communities: Implications for Language Teaching. Working Papers in Sociolinguistics, No. 54.
Elias-Olivares, Lucia; Valdes-Fallis, Guadalupe
This paper focuses on language diversity in Chicano speech communities in the United States and its relation to the teaching of Spanish to Chicano bilinguals. Attempts to teach standard Spanish to Spanish-speakers in the United States have been unsuccessful for the most part, because the schools recognize only a single standard of "correctness" that is not always the same as that used in the communities. Attempts to teach Spanish as a mother tongue to Chicano students are reviewed, and the need to establish guidelines for the evaluation of current positions and programs is addressed. The sociopolitical, socioeconomic, and educational experiences of Chicanos are reviewed based on an assessment of the present sociolinguistic situation of Chicanos. This situation consists of a language repertoire with various codes that depart from the Mexican Spanish linguistic tradition, an asymmetrical type of bilingualism, and the use of Spanish viewed as transitional and not valued in the broader society. It is concluded that collaboration between sociolinguists and language instructors is needed since Spanish language instruction for Chicano bilinguals is not equivalent to instruction in a first language. (SW)
Descriptors: Bilingual Education, Bilingualism, Cultural Pluralism, Elementary Secondary Education, Higher Education, Language Attitudes, Language Instruction, Language Research, Language Role, Language Variation, Mexican Americans, Regional Dialects, Sociocultural Patterns, Sociolinguistics, Spanish, Spanish Americans, Spanish Culture, Spanish Speaking
Southwest Educational Development Laboratory, 211 East Seventh Street, Austin, Texas 78701
Publication Type: Reports - Research; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Southwest Educational Development Lab., Austin, TX.
Note: Paper presented at the World Congress of Sociology (9th, Uppsala, Sweden, August 14-19, 1978)