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ERIC Number: ED168006
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 28
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Public Forum Theory in the Educational Setting: From the Schoolhouse Gate to the Student Press.
Trager, Robert; Plopper, Bruce Loren
Since 1939, legal recognition of the public forum concept has been gradually extended to include the public schools. This expansion of the free speech right has been accompanied by a movement of similar intensity aimed at narrowing the scope of regulatory action that might inhibit First Amendment freedoms. Ultimately, recognition of the public school as a public forum was coupled with the narrowed scope of allowable regulatory action. The result has been a philosophical revolution in which the student press, once conceived as an educational tool fully controlled by school authorities, is now seen as enjoying the same freedom from regulation afforded any other speech activity in a public forum. While this philosophy has not been universally accepted as yet, it has been recognized by all levels of federal courts and several state courts. The implication of these developments is that students who edit, produce, or distribute literature on school grounds are subject to regulatory action that is consistent with First Amendment public forum policy as defined by time, place, and manner of distribution restrictions. Additionally, material shown to have caused substantial interference with educational processes is not protected. Censorship based on content alone, however, is no longer seen as being compatible with the functions of the student press. (Author/FL)
Publication Type: Information Analyses; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism (61st, Seattle, Washington, August 13-16, 1978)