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ERIC Number: ED167993
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Text Analysis: What Is It? Will It Help Composition Teachers?
Schafer, John C.
Text analysis is the study and description of units of verbal behavior larger than the sentence and is concerned with elements of sentences and with the internal relations of larger passages as well as with how a text relates to the communicative situation in which it occurs. It is of current interest because literary critics have moved toward linguistics and linguists have moved toward texts and the two groups have met on common ground. Also, interest in text analysis is related to the rise of knowledge about hermeneutics--the rules, methods, and theory governing exegesis. There are several approaches to text analysis including cotext, pretext, intention, and context, each of which is related to the types of knowledge one needs to read a text. Text analysis can help composition teachers because it affords the possibility of giving conscious control of the text to students by providing them with descriptions of texts that are more complete and more accurate than those presently available. It also can help heighten students' awareness of the differences between a spoken text and a written one. The greatest contribution of text analysis may be political--it may unite people from different disciplines around an interest in texts and what text-building is in different disciplines. (TJ)
Publication Type: Opinion Papers; Speeches/Meeting Papers
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Conference on College Composition and Communication (29th, Denver, Colorado, March 30-April 1, 1978)