ERIC Number: ED167976
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Jun
Reference Count: 0
Attention and Modality Effects in STM: A Second Look. Occasional Paper No. 14.
Evans, Thomas; Byers, Joe
The auditory/verbal short-term memory of 64 college students was examined across a wide range of retention intervals (5 seconds to 60 seconds). High attention during interpolated processing was ensured by monitoring rehearsal with a combination of methods, and errors were analyzed for evidence of proactive and intra-unit interference. Recall of three- and five-digit items was excellent under the conditions of modality isolation of interpolated processing. In fact, only 4% of all three-digit items and 10% of all five-digit items were forgotten for reasons other than proactive intrusion of intra-unit interference. The results support an interdependent model of attention and modality effects in short-term forgetting. (Author/FL)
Descriptors: Attention, Auditory Stimuli, Cognitive Processes, Educational Research, Higher Education, Memory, Recall (Psychology), Retention (Psychology), Verbal Stimuli, Visualization
Institute for Research on Teaching, College of Education, Michigan State University, 252 Erickson Hall, East Lansing, Michigan 48824 ($1.75)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: Michigan State Univ., East Lansing. Inst. for Research on Teaching.