ERIC Number: ED167924
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Reference Count: 0
Self-Awareness, Self-Consciousness, and Reactance.
Carver, Charles S.
Research was undertaken to test the hypothesis that reactance-based responses are facilitated by self-focused attention. (Psychological reactance has been defined as a motivational state that occurs when a person perceives that his or her freedom has been threatened in some way.) In addition, these studies served as further tests of the predictive similarity of manipulated self-assurance and dispositional self-consciousness. The research utilized the following reactance paradigm: Subjects' initial attitudes toward a favorably portrayed candidate were measured; subjects then received a pervasive communication in support of the candidate that either was or was not coercive in its wording; finally, subjects' attitudes toward the candidate were reassessed. Reactance was defined in this situation as resistence to the persuasion attempt. Three sequential studies were carried out. Results were consistent with previous data indicating that self-attention increases awareness of transient affective states. Findings also further broaden the data base indicating that manipulated self-awareness and dispositional self-consciousness are quite comparable psychological states. (Author)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August 1978)