ERIC Number: ED167868
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Children's Distortion of Incongruous Interpersonal Behavior: Primacy Effect or Stereotypes?
Mapley, Gordon E.
Pre-existing cognitions may influence a child's social perceptions, and the extent of this influence is measured in groups of children from grades 1-6. The children were shown slide shows of congruous (e.g. doctor befriending bullied child) and incongruous (e.g. minister shoplifting) interpersonal behavior. Half of the children saw stories in which the character's identity was established prior to his prosocial or antisocial behavior, the order being reversed for the other half. When tested for immediate recall, virtually all children accurately described the congruous episodes. However, 51 of 96 children distorted behaviors portrayed in the incongruous episodes. This distortion, which was equivalent across presentation order, was significantly related to grade level. Results are discussed in terms of the need for socialization research to include analysis of developmental differences in children's interpretation of social stimuli. (Author/PK)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978); Best copy available