ERIC Number: ED167477
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1975-Aug
Reference Count: 0
An Investigation of the Factors Affecting Moral Judgment of Marital Status and Family Size. Final Report.
Drucker, Eugene H.
This report describes a study of how certain factors influence peoples' attitudes about other peoples' marital status and family size. For the study, stories were prepared describing single or married persons and families with different numbers of children. The stories contained information believed likely to affect the readers' attitudes or moral judgments about characters in the stories. Over 1,000 participants were asked to read the stories and judge the degree to which the person or family deserved praise or blame. Respondents also described their perceptions of the persons or families on an interpersonal perception scale. Results indicated that families with two children received the most praise. Moral judgments of family size were affected by the family's reported income, but not by the wife's work status. High income families with one or two children were praised for having another child, but low income families were blamed. Families with no children were seen as patient and intelligent, but lacking in warmth and happiness. Judgments of marital status were affected primarily by marital intent and parental pressure. Both married and single persons in the stories were praised by respondents for acting in accordance with their intentions. Married and single women who conformed to parental pressure were blamed, while those who did not conform were praised. (Author/AV)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD.
Authoring Institution: Human Resources Research Organization, Alexandria, VA.