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ERIC Number: ED166982
Record Type: Non-Journal
Publication Date: 1978-Nov
Reference Count: N/A
Diagnosing and Responding to Individual Learner Needs. CAL-ERIC/CLL Series on Languages and Linguistics, No. 60.
Birckbichler, Diane W.; Omaggio, Alice C.
Modern Language Journal, v62 n7 p336-345 Nov 1978
Various sources of learner problems are identified and specific remedial activities are suggested for difficulties in speaking, listening, reading, writing, vocabulary acquisition, and grammar tasks. Some of the more common sources of learner difficulties that are discussed are: poor memory, lack of flexibility, too impulsive, too reflective, field dependent, broad categorizer, narrow categorizer, and low tolerance of ambiguity. Remedial activities designed to address these problems are discussed. Twenty activities emphasize the development of analytical skills, nine activities concentrate on the synthesis of information, 17 activities concentrate on increasing flexibility with the language, and three activities address making inferences. These remedial activities are easily adaptable to individual tutorial sessions, small-group work, or large-group instruction. In the latter case, teachers may choose to identify particular problems and incorporate appropriate activities into daily lesson plans. A grid is presented indicating appropriate remedial activities for each learner problem (e.g., poor memory) and each learning task (e.g., listening). (SW)
Descriptors: Cognitive Processes, Cognitive Style, Diagnostic Teaching, Educational Diagnosis, Elementary Secondary Education, Grammar, Higher Education, Language Ability, Language Instruction, Learning, Learning Activities, Learning Problems, Listening Comprehension, Reading, Remedial Instruction, Second Language Learning, Student Needs, Teacher Developed Materials, Teaching Guides, Verbal Communication, Vocabulary Development, Writing (Composition)
Publication Type: Guides - Classroom - Teacher; Collected Works - Serials
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Education (DHEW), Washington, DC.
Authoring Institution: ERIC Clearinghouse on Languages and Linguistics, Washington, DC.