ERIC Number: ED166826
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1977-Aug-16
Sex, Sex-Role Identification, and the Good Manager.
Powell, Gary N.; Butterfield, D. Anthony
The purpose of the present study was to determine the influences of sex and sex-role identification on the perceived characteristics of a good manager. A sample of 335 students from various undergraduate and graduate business courses completed the Bem Sex-Role Inventory both for themselves and for a good manager. Three hypotheses were tested--that the good manager is perceived as androgynous in sex-role identification rather than as masculine, feminine, or undifferentiated; that the individuals' perceptions of a good manager are affected by their own sex-role identification; and that the effect of sex-role identification on individuals' perceptions of a good manager are independent of the effect of sex. The results indicated an overwhelming preference for a masculine manager. Strong correspondence was observed between comparable self-scores and ideal-scores for both males and females. Data show that the effects of sex-role identification and sex on individuals' perceptions of a good manager are different: the effect of varying sex on individuals' ideal-group memberships was negligible, while the effect of varying self-group membership was considerable. (Author/IRT)
Publication Type: Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: Connecticut Univ. Research Foundation, Storrs.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the Academy of Management (37th, Kissimmee, Florida, August 1977); Not available in paper copy due to marginal legibility of original document