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ERIC Number: ED166655
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
The Effect of Within Level Processing on Memory for Prose.
Niles, Jerome A.; And Others
A study examined the effects of within domain processing on the recall of idea units as well as the potential reversals in performance resulting from the passing of time. Subjects for the experiment were 89 undergraduate students randomly assigned to six conditions related to target words in a reading passage: counting e's, determining the preceding letter, creating a rhyme, creating a synonym, creating an antonym, and filling in a cloze blank that provided the initial letter of the word. The first three were physical domain processing conditions; the second three were semantic domain processing conditions. A seventh condition of normal reading was employed to give an indication of performance under noninterference conditions. The subjects read the directions for their condition, read a passage following condition directions, noted their reading time, and produced a written recall of as much of the passage as possible. A second recall test was given a week later. Analysis of the results indicated that the only marked differences were present in the normal reading condition, which produced the best performance, and the rhyming condition, which produced the worst performance. There were no significant differences on the delayed tests. When looking at main ideas recalled, it appeared that subjects benefited from the semantic processing conditions. (TJ)
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Meeting of the National Reading Conference (28th, St. Petersburg Beach, Florida, November 30-December 2, 1978)