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ERIC Number: ED166612
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Pages: 11
Abstractor: N/A
Reference Count: 0
Effectiveness of Nonprescription Therapies for Problem Drinkers.
Miller, William R.
Self-help approaches to the treatment of problem drinking were investigated in five studies, including methods oriented toward controlled drinking as well as those designed to produce abstinence. Study 1 explored the utility of a self-help manual as an agent in improving maintenance following treatment by a paraprofessional. Clients who read this manual showed significantly better maintenance than did those not using the manual. Study 2 compared the effectiveness of the manual alone with that of a paraprofessional-administered program. Both groups showed substantial improvement, with no significant difference between groups; however, differences that did occur favored the bibliotherapy group. Study 3 was a demonstration of the feasibility of a group educational format in controlled drinking therapy. Study 4 compared bibliotherapy with one group and two individual treatment approaches. All groups showed significant improvement, again without between-group differences. Bibliotherapy clients in this study, however, showed the least favorable outcomes. Study 5 compared an expanded form of bibliotherapy with a straightforward behavioral approach and two multimodal approaches offered by papaprofessionals. All groups showed significant gains, with bibliotherapy clients showing the least absolute improvement. Clinical issues in the use of self-help therapies are discussed. (Author)
Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)