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ERIC Number: ED166612
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Aug
Reference Count: 0
Effectiveness of Nonprescription Therapies for Problem Drinkers.
Miller, William R.
Self-help approaches to the treatment of problem drinking were investigated in five studies, including methods oriented toward controlled drinking as well as those designed to produce abstinence. Study 1 explored the utility of a self-help manual as an agent in improving maintenance following treatment by a paraprofessional. Clients who read this manual showed significantly better maintenance than did those not using the manual. Study 2 compared the effectiveness of the manual alone with that of a paraprofessional-administered program. Both groups showed substantial improvement, with no significant difference between groups; however, differences that did occur favored the bibliotherapy group. Study 3 was a demonstration of the feasibility of a group educational format in controlled drinking therapy. Study 4 compared bibliotherapy with one group and two individual treatment approaches. All groups showed significant improvement, again without between-group differences. Bibliotherapy clients in this study, however, showed the least favorable outcomes. Study 5 compared an expanded form of bibliotherapy with a straightforward behavioral approach and two multimodal approaches offered by papaprofessionals. All groups showed significant gains, with bibliotherapy clients showing the least absolute improvement. Clinical issues in the use of self-help therapies are discussed. (Author)
Descriptors: Adults, Alcohol Education, Alcoholism, Bibliotherapy, Counseling Effectiveness, Drinking, Drug Abuse, Group Counseling, Paraprofessional Personnel, Program Effectiveness, Psychotherapy, Self Help Programs
Department of Psychology, University of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM 87131
Publication Type: Speeches/Meeting Papers; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism (DHEW/PHS), Rockville, MD.
Authoring Institution: N/A
Note: Paper presented at the Annual Convention of the American Psychological Association (Toronto, Ontario, Canada, August, 1978)