ERIC Number: ED166299
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1978-Oct
Reference Count: 0
Class-Specific White Flight: A Comparative Analysis of Large American Cities.
Frey, William H.
This study is concerned with evaluating some demographic and policy-relevant attributes of central cities that have been proposed as determinants of class-specific, white, city-to-suburb movement. Drawing on migration data from the 1970 census for 39 metropolitan areas, the present investigation: (1) evaluates the aggregate impact that the white city-to-suburb movement imposes on the class structures of large central cities; (2) isolates demographic and policy-relevant flight determinants for white movers at different status levels; and (3) estimates the aggregate impact that policy-relevant attributes impose on the population compositions of individual central cities as a result of city-to-suburb movement. Findings presented indicate that: (1) upper-status white flight is responsive to the central city's racial composition, although this effect is moderated in Southern cities; (2) there exists a feedback relationship between suburb-city disparities in per capita educational expenditures and upper-status flight; and (3) both of these explanations are more important in accounting for the out-movement of a city's college-educated population than for the out-movement of other education classes. A demographic decomposition technique is then employed in the study to estimate the hypothetical redistribution consequences that would be associated with equalizing suburb-city fiscal disparities, lowering the city crime rate, and reducing the percentage of the city's black population. (Author/EB)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Sponsor: National Inst. of Child Health and Human Development (NIH), Bethesda, MD. Center for Population Research.
Authoring Institution: Wisconsin Univ., Madison. Inst. for Research on Poverty.
Note: Pages 6 and 15 may not reproduce well due to print size of the original document