ERIC Number: ED166127
Record Type: RIE
Publication Date: 1976-Jun
Reference Count: 0
The Impact of Income Maintenance on the Making and Breaking of Marital Unions: Interim Report. Research Memorandum 28.
Hannan, Michael; And Others
This report examines the relationship between marital status change and enrollment in income maintenance programs for female heads of households. The report reviews the first 18 months of the Seattle and Denver Income Maintenance Experiments, which provide financial grants to low- and non-income families. Over 5,000 people enrolled in the program are categorized according to family type and race/ethnicity. Eligibility requirements are restricted to family units with at least two members whose household heads are between 18 and 58 years of age and whose 1970 incomes were less than $9,000 or $11,000, according to the number of heads. The sample includes all female heads of households and studies all changes in marital status for the 18-month period. Preliminary results indicate that the impact of income maintenance increases the rate of marriage dissolution. This effect can be understood when compared to the control programs (Aid for Dependent Children and food stamps): (1) income maintenance programs involve less stigma and make fewer demands than the control programs, and (2) guarantees are explained to all families on income maintenance so that they are aware of their eligibility even if the marriage dissolves. Also, the introduction of an income maintenance program may focus attention on problems in the marriage. The impact on remarriage differs according to race/ethnic groups. For black women the probability of remarriage increases considerably; for Chicanas the effects are opposite; for white women there is no discernible effect. (KC)
Descriptors: Attitude Change, Divorce, Experimental Programs, Family (Sociological Unit), Federal Programs, Feminism, Guaranteed Income, Heads of Households, Marital Instability, Marital Status, Mothers, One Parent Family, Racial Factors, Research Methodology, Socioeconomic Influences, Surveys, Tables (Data)
Publication Type: Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: Stanford Research Inst., Menlo Park, CA. Center for the Study of Welfare Policy.